Water-Based Sports

VA National Veterans Sports Programs

Action Trackchair
Grit Freedom Chair
Terrain Hopper

American Canoe Association
Adaptive Equipment
Canoe Stabilizer
EZ Dock
Grief River
Special Olympics
Team River Runner– veterans program

Adaptive Rowing Certification
Concept 2
Oar Board SUP
US Rowing

US Sailing
Sail Ahead
US Patriot Sailing
Veterans on Deck
Veterans Sailing Association
Veterans to Sailors
Warrior Sailing
Wooden Boats for Veterans

At Peace Counseling
Dive 21
Dive Heart
Dive Therapy
Dive Warriors
Scuba Warriors
Warfighter Scuba

Competitive Organizations
International Surfing Association
Professional Stand Up Paddle Association
Special Olympics
USA Surfing
World Paddle Association
AmpSurf– certification
International Surf Therapy Organization
Jimmy Miller Memorial Foundation– veterans
Operation Surf– veterans
Surfers for Autism
Warrior Surf Foundation– veterans



Atkinson, T. (2010). Adaptive kayaking for persons with physical disabilities. American Journal of Recreation Therapy, 9(2), 7–12.

Dustin, D., Bricker, N., Arave, J., Dustin, D. L., Arave, J., Wall, W., & Wendt, G. (2011). The Promise of River Running as a Therapeutic Medium for Veterans Coping with Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder. In Therapeutic Recreation Journal.

Hartman, K., & Porter, H. (2017). White water kayaking, positive affect, and perceived self-awareness: A case study of a veteran of the Vietnam era. American Journal of Recreation Therapy, 13(4), 41. https://doi.org/10.5055/ajrt.2014.0084

Scherer, M. R., Gade, D. M., & Yancosek, K. E. (2014). Efficacy of an adaptive kayaking intervention for improving health-related quality of life among wounded, ill, and injured service members. American Journal of Recreation Therapy, 12(3), 8–16. https://doi.org/10.5055/ajrt.2013.0048


Beneton, F., Michoud, G., Coulange, M., Laine, N., Ramdani, C., Borgnetta, M., … Trousselard, M. (2017). Recreational Diving Practice for Stress Management: An Exploratory Trial. Frontiers in Psychology8(DEC), 1–7. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2017.02193

Blumhorst, E., Kono, S., Cave, J. (2020). An exploratory study of adaptive scuba diving’s effects on psychological well-being among military veteransTherapeutic Recreation Journal, 54(2), 173-188.

Kler, B. K., & Tribe, J. (2012). Flourishing Through Scuba: Understanding The Pursuit of Dive Experiences. Tourism in Marine Environments8(1), 19–32. https://doi.org/10.3727/154427312X13262430524027